Forgive me for being a huge fan of vaccinations. That's on a small level -- in decades of annual flu shots, I've only had the flu once -- and on a bigger level: In one generation, I saw polio go from a terror to virtually an unknown.
Still, there are vaccination resisters. The issue will be raised Wednesday (Sept. 10), in a compelling documentary on PBS' "Nova." Here's the story I sent to papers:
By MIKE HUGHES
This was a modern triumph: In the U.S. and elsewhere, major
diseases dwindled or disappeared.
Science found ways to vaccinate against more and more diseases
… until the sheer quantity became a complication.
Kids, Dr. Paul Offit said, are expected to have as many as
26 inoculations in their first few years. That includes “as many as five shots
at one time, to prevent diseases that most people don’t see, using a biological
fluid most people don’t understand. It’s not surprising that there is pushback.”
The effects are harsh; with some parents resisting
vaccinations, diseases make a comeback. “In 2012, there were nearly 50,000
cases of whooping cough in the United States, which killed 20 people,” said
Michael Rosenfeld, whose company’s documentary airs on PBS’ “Nova” Wednesday. And
in the first half of this year, he said, “measles had reached its highest level
in the U.S. in 20 years.”
Typical resisters, Offit said, are college grads “who have
the kind of jobs where they’re used to being in control.” They feel they can “Google
the term ‘vaccines’ and now as much” as their doctors.
He is a doctor, head of the Vaccine Education Center at the
Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. Alison Singer isn’t a doctor and knows how
perplexing the Web can be. “On the Internet, every page is equal,” she said. “The
Mayo Clinic’s page comes up as often as Autism ‘R’ Us.”
Her autistic daughter, now 17, was 1 when Dr. Andrew
Wakefield linked autism to vaccinations. His report was published by “a highly
reputable medical journal (and) I took that very seriously.”
Eventually, the report was ruled fraudulent and Wakefield was
banned from medical practice in his native Great Britain. Even if it had been honest,
said Sonya Pemberton (writer-director of the “Nova” film), it was a miniscule
study with no control group. “It was 12 kids …. We have (studies) with 1.8
million kids, 500,000 kids, 400,000 kids, all over the world,” none of them finding
Her film does include two examples of vaccinations creating
trouble. A boy with Dravet syndrome had a seizure. (“Going on a trampoline
triggers his seizures; vaccines happen to be one of the triggers.”) An oral
polio vaccine (no longer used) “had a 1-in-2.4 million chance of actually
causing the disease.”
By comparison, Offit said, resisting vaccination risks not
only that child’s health, but society’s chance to eradicate a disease. “It’s a
terrible decision that can have terrible consequences.”
“Nova,” 9 p.m. Wednesday, PBS (check local listings).